He is the lord of the fertile Calchaquí valleys irrigated by the river Calchaquí. These green oases under a diaphanous sky are guarded by colossal rock formations which change colour at all times.
Many of the peculiarities which we may associate with mountains have been present in the character of the Calchaquí nation since earliest times: haughtiness, virility, superstition, mystery, concentration, astuteness, pride, perseverance.
Throughout time, layers of civilisation have accumulated and blended in the spirit of the Calchaquíes. The legacy of their Cacán and Inca ancestors has combined with some Spanish characteristics; this rich mixture is now part of the popular culture of the northwest of Argentina.